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Why is Home Visiting Important?

High Quality home visiting is a proven strategy that demonstrates achievement or improvement in the following areas:

Birth Outcomes

Pregnant mothers who participated in home visiting had 48% fewer low-weight babies.[3] Low birth weights lead to increased health issues and health-care costs for children throughout their lives.

Child Abuse and Neglect

Families that participated in home visiting services were 50% less likely to be involved with Child Protective Services.[4]

School Readiness and Achievement

Participating children scored 25% higher on first-through-third grade reading and math achievement tests.[5]

Family Self-Sufficiency

Participating mothers were 5 times more likely to be enrolled in an education or training program.[6]

Public Safety

By age 15, first-born children who received home visits during infancy were 48% less likely to be arrested than their peers who did not have home visiting.[7]

These outcomes not only create healthier children, families, and communities, but can also lead to considerable cost savings.

Benefits that Add Up for Everyone

One high-quality home visiting program, over time, saves taxpayers up to $5.70 for every dollar invested.[1]

Another high-quality program generates $3.16 in savings by the time the child turns 7.[2]


Sources

[1]Karoly, LA, Kilburn MR, Cannon JS, et al. Early Childhood Interventions: Proven Results, Future Promise. Santa Monica, CA: The RAND Corporation; 2005.

[2]DuMont K, Kirkland K, Mitchell-Herzfeld S, et al. A Randomized Trial of Healthy Families New York: Does Home Visiting Prevent Child Maltreatment? Final Report to National Institute of Justice (Grant # 2006-MU-MU-0002); 2010. http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/232945.pdf

[3]Lee E, Mitchell-Herzfeld SD, Lowenfels AA, Greene R, Dorabawila V, DuMont KA. Reducing low birth weight through home visitation: A randomized controlled trial. Am J Prev Med. 2009;36(2):154–160.

[4]Lowell DI, Carter AS, Godoy L, Paulicin B, Briggs-Gowan, MJ. A randomized controlled trial of Child FIRST: A comprehensive home-based intervention translating research into early childhood practice. Child Dev. 2011);82(1):193-208.

[5]Olds DL, Kitzman H , Hanks C, et al. Effects of nurse home visiting on maternal and child functioning: Age-9 follow-up of a randomized trial. Pediatr. 2007;120:e832-e845.

[6]LeCroy, C W, Krysik J. Randomized trial of the healthy families Arizona home visiting program. Child Youth Serv Rev. 2011;33(10):1761-1766.

[7]Olds DL, Eckenrode J, Henderson CR Jr, Kitzman H, Powers J, Cole R, Sidora K, Morris P, Pettitt LM, and Luckey D. Long-term effects of home visitation on maternal life course and child abuse and neglect: 15-year follow-up of a randomized trial. JAMA. 1997;278(8):637-643.

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